Skip to content
Cart
0 items

Blogs

[Newest] A Complete Comparison Between LiFePO4 Battery and Lead Acid Battery

14 Mar 2023
[Newest] A Complete Comparison Between LiFePO4 Battery and Lead Acid Battery - LiTime

In recent years, lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries have gained popularity in the market as a more efficient and eco-friendly alternative to traditional lead acid batteries. While lead acid batteries have been the dominant power source for many years, the emergence of lithium iron phosphate technology has presented an opportunity for consumers to make a more informed decision about which battery best suits their needs.

In this article, we'll explore the differences between lithium iron phosphate batteries and lead acid batteries and why you should consider making the switch.

lead-acid vs lifepo4 battery

Part 1: Everything You Should Know about Lead Acid Battery

1.1 What is Lead Acid Battery?

A lead-acid battery is a type of rechargeable battery that is commonly used for automotive and other applications such as backup power supplies, emergency lighting, and solar power systems. It was invented by Gaston Planté in 1859 and is still widely used today due to its low cost, high reliability, and relatively high energy density.

The basic design of a lead-acid battery consists of lead plates (positive and negative) immersed in an electrolyte solution of sulfuric acid and water. The positive plate is coated with lead dioxide while the negative plate is made of pure lead. The plates are separated by a porous insulator, and the entire assembly is contained within a plastic or rubber casing.

lead acid battery discharging

1.2 Features of Lead Acid Battery

  1. High energy density: Lead-acid batteries have a high energy density, which means they can store a large amount of energy relative to their weight and volume.
  1. Low cost: Lead-acid batteries are relatively inexpensive to manufacture and are widely available, making them an attractive option for many applications.
  1. Heavy and bulky: Lead-acid batteries are relatively heavy and bulky compared to other types of batteries, which can make them difficult to transport and store.
  1. Limited cycle life: Lead-acid batteries have a limited number of charging and discharging cycles before they start to degrade, which can limit their usefulness in certain applications.
  1.  Toxic chemicals: Lead-acid batteries contain toxic chemicals, such as sulfuric acid and lead, which can be harmful to the environment if not disposed of properly.

Part 2: Why is Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery a Better Choice

2.1 What is Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery (LiFePO4)

Lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries are a newer type of rechargeable battery that offer several advantages over lead acid batteries. For starters, lithium iron phosphate batteries have a higher energy density, which means they can store more energy in a smaller space. This makes them ideal for use in portable devices like laptops, smartphones, and electric vehicles.

2.2 Features of Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery (LiFePO4)

Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries are a type of rechargeable battery that offers several advantages over other lithium-ion batteries. Here are some of the features of LiFePO4 batteries:

1. Higher Energy Density: LiFePO4 batteries have a high energy density, which means they can store a large amount of energy in a relatively small size and weight.

2. Long Cycle Life: LiFePO4 batteries have a long cycle life, which means they can be charged and discharged many times without significant capacity loss 

3. Safe Chemistry: LiFePO4 batteries have safer chemistry than other lithium-ion batteries, as they are less prone to thermal runaway, which can cause explosions or fires. 

4. Wide Temperature Range: LiFePO4 batteries can operate over a wide temperature range, making them suitable for use in extreme temperature 

temperature tolerance comparison between LiFePO4 and Lead Acid battery
Data source:  Litime laboratory
LFP Example Products:

5. Fast Charging: LiFePO4 batteries can be charged at a higher rate than other lithium-ion batteries, allowing for faster charging times. 

6. Low Self-Discharge Rate: LiFePO4 batteries have a low self-discharge rate, which means they can retain their charge for a longer period when not in use.

self discharge comparison lifepo4 vs lead acid

Data source:  Litime laboratory

7. Environmentally Friendly: LiFePO4 batteries are environmentally friendly, as they do not contain toxic metals such as lead or cadmium.

These features make LiFePO4 batteries suitable for a wide range of applications, including electric vehicles, renewable energy systems, backup power systems, and portable electronics.

 

Part 3: The Comparison Between LiFePO4 Battery and Lead Acid Battery

Battery Type  Lithium Iron Phosphate( LiFePO4)

Lead Acid

Energy Discharge Rate

 80%-90%

 30%-40%

Lifespan

 

>2000 (up to 10 years or more)

 

>400 (typically last between 3-5 years)

Energy Density

 

High

 

Media

Safety

 

Low(presence of toxic materials)

 

Excellent((no risk of fire / explosion)

Charging

 

Can be charged much faster compared to lead-acid batteries. LiFePO4 batteries can be charged at a high rate without damage to the battery.

 

Require a slower charging rate to avoid damage.

 

From the format, we can see that lithium iron phosphate batteries are longer lifespans. The design of lithium iron phosphate batteries indicates that they have a longer lifespan than lead-acid batteries, which usually last 3-5 years. With proper maintenance, lithium iron phosphate batteries can last up to 10 years, resulting in fewer replacement expenses and making them a cost-effective option.

In addition to their longer lifespan, lithium iron phosphate batteries are more environmentally friendly than lead-acid batteries. Lead-acid batteries contain hazardous substances such as lead and sulfuric acid, which can be harmful to the environment if not disposed of properly. In contrast, lithium iron phosphate batteries are constructed with non-toxic materials that can be recycled, reducing their environmental impact.

Regarding performance, lithium iron phosphate batteries surpass lead-acid batteries. They can provide more power in a shorter period, making them perfect for high-drain applications such as electric vehicles. Furthermore, they are more efficient at storing and releasing energy, allowing for longer run times for devices such as laptops and smartphones.

Even though the initial price of LiFePO4 batteries is high, but let's see what would happen years later. 

-

 -

Lead Acid Battery

(Nominal Capacity)

 

LiFePO4 Battery

(Nominal Capacity)

 

LiFePO4 Battery

(High Capacity)

Battery Capacity    (Ah)  400Ah 12V200Ah 12V400Ah
Cycle life Number of cycles of 80% discharge 500 times 6000 times 6000 times
- Total Capacity in 10 years (Ah) 35200Ah 700000Ah 1400000Ah
- Cycle life(Year) 3 Years 10 Years   10 Years
Cost Sales price (excluding tax)

$8523.14 $759.99 $1899.99
- the cost in one year(After 5 years using) $1704.63 $63.56 $144.16
- Cost reduction rate - 66% reduction 75% reduction 
- Water operation and management NEED

NO

 Electricity bills can be reduced by 20% to 30%.

NO

 Electricity bills can be reduced by 20% to 30%.

 

Now we can easily to see that LiFePO4 battery is actually cheaper than lead-acid battery for long term's thinking. With better performance, it is indeed a better choice.

 

FAQs about LiFePO4 and Lead-Acid Batteries

1. Can I charge a LiFePO4 battery with a normal charger?

Yes, you can charge them with any type of charging equipment, as long as the charging voltage is 14V to 14.6V for our 12V series.  

You can also learn more about  Best Way to Charge a LiFePO4 Battery

2. Can LiFePO4 charged in low temperature?

It is not recommended to charge a Lithium battery in temperatures below 0°C, unless it is equipped with a compensating charger designed to do so. Charging a Lithium battery in such low temperatures may cause damage to the battery and decrease its overall lifespan.

3.How long do lead acid batteries last without charging?

 A lead-acid battery can power a device for a single eight-hour shift before needing to be charged and cooled down.

Conclusion

While lead acid batteries have been the go-to power source for many years, lithium iron phosphate batteries offer several advantages that make them a better choice for many applications. They are more efficient, have a longer lifespan, and are more environmentally friendly than lead-acid batteries. If you're looking for a reliable, cost-effective, and eco-friendly battery solution, consider making the switch to lithium-iron phosphate batteries.

 

You May Also Like 

<<< LiFePO4 Lithium Batteries In Series VS Parallel: How-To & Everything You Need To Know

<<< Why Choose LiFePO4 Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries For Outdoor Solar RVs & Camper Vans?

<<< Lifepo4 VS Lithium-Ion Batteries: Which One Should You Choose?

Prev Post
Next Post

Thanks for subscribing!

This email has been registered!

Shop the look

RV, Vans & Camper Batteries

LiTime 12V 100Ah LiFePO4 Lithium Battery, Built-in 100A BMS, 1280Wh Energy LiTime 12V 100Ah LiFePO4 Lithium Battery, Built-in 100A BMS, 1280Wh Energy
LiTime 12V 100Ah LiFePO4 Lithium Battery, Built-in 100A BMS, 1280Wh Energy
【Grade A LiFePO4 Cell & 10 Years Lifetime】The LiTime 12V 100Ah lithium battery use Automotive Grade LiFePO4 Cells, ensuring exceptional quality, higher energy density, stable performance, and greater power. They have the highest level of safety, as confirmed by UL Test Reports. With 4000+ cycles @100% DOD (6000 Cycles @80% DOD, 15000 Cycles @60% DOD), these batteries have a 10-year lifetime, compared to SLA/AGM batteries, which have only 200-500 cycles and a 3-year lifetime.
【100% Full Protection】With a built-in 100A BMS, the 12V 100Ah LiFePO4 battery is protected from overcharging, over-discharging, over-current, overheating, and short circuits. It also has an excellent self-discharge rate and is IP65 waterproof, ensuring your safety and reliability whether installed indoors or outdoors.
【Expandable for Wide Applications】The 12V 100Ah LiFePO4 battery supports up to 4 in series and 4 in parallel (Max 4S4P) to build a 48V 400Ah battery system for 20.48kWh energy and max. 20.48kW load power. It's perfect for RV, solar, home energy storage, and off-grid applications.
【Lightweight & Small Size】At just 24.25lbs, the 12V 100Ah LiFePO4 battery is 1/5 the weight of a 12V 200Ah lead acid battery (about 130lbs), but equivalent in energy. It's easier to carry, faster to charge, and more convenient to use, making it ideal for outdoor camping and indoor installation.
【Eco-friendly & Cost-effective】The LiTime battery is eco-friendly, with no toxic lead, acid, or heavy metals, and it requires less maintenance than SLA/AGM batteries. It's also more cost-effective in the long run, with a longer lifetime and higher efficiency. Switch to LiTime for a better energy solution.
【Fast Delivery & Outstanding Service】Our battery is shipped from local warehouses in Los Angeles or Dallas, ensuring fast delivery. We provide professional technical support, a humanized return policy, quick responses within 24hrs, as well as easy-to-understand operation manuals and online services.
From $329.99
$499.99
From $329.99
Quick Add
Close
Notify me
Notify me
Notify me
Notify me
Close
Notify me
Notify me
Notify me
Notify me
LiTime 12V 200Ah LiFePO4 Lithium Battery - LiTime LiTime 12V 200Ah LiFePO4 Lithium Battery - LiTime
LiTime 12V 200Ah LiFePO4 Lithium Battery, Build-in 100A BMS, 2560Wh Energy
【Automotive Grade Lithium Battery】LiTime 12V 200Ah Lithium Batteries have superior quality since it is manufactured by Automotive Grade LiFePO4 Cells with higher energy density, more stable performance & greater power. Highest-level safety based on UL Testing Certificate for the LifePO4 battery. The LiTime LiFePO4 batteries support 100% DOD &100% SOC. 12V 200Ah LiTime Battery supports max. 2.56kWh usable energy, it is double energy and running time than a 12V 100Ah battery directly.
【Up to 15000 Cycles】LiTime LiFePO4 Batteries provide up to 15000 cycles, which depends on your actual using depth of discharge (4000 cycles at 100%DOD, 6000 cycles at 80%DOD, 15000 cycles at 60%DOD). It is more than 20~30 times to Lead Acid with 200~500 cycles. LiTime LiFePO4 battery has a 10-year service life, which is longer 3 times than the Lead Acid Battery’s 3-year lifetime.
【1/3* Lightweight】LiTime 12V 200Ah LiFePO4 Battery weighs only 48.28 lbs, compared to lead-acid batteries, lithium battery provides 56Wh/lb energy density, and only 1/3* the weight of the lead-acid battery, which makes it easier to install or move. It is a perfect upgrade for any 12V Deep Cycle battery. This makes Lithium batteries perfect for solar homes, RVs, campers, motor homes, and off-grid applications.
【Flexible Capacity Expansion】LiTime Lithium Battery can be connected in parallel and series for larger capacity and higher voltage. The 12V 200Ah battery supports up to 4 identical batteries for up to a 48V 200Ah battery system in series or a 12V 800Ah battery system in parallel. That also can be connected to 16 identical batteries(4P4S) to a 48V 800Ah battery system, which supports max. 20.48kW load power and 40.96kWh energy. Various combinations make it more flexible to use.
【100% Protection】LiTime Lithium Battery has built-in BMS (Battery Management System) to protect it from overcharge, over-discharge, over-current, and short circuits with ultra-low self-discharge rate. Built-in high-temp cut-off prevents charging over 167 °F (75 °C). Without memory effect, no matter what state the battery is, it can be used as soon as it is charged. LiTime battery is IP65 level waterproof, which set you free from worrying to install indoors or outdoors.
【USA Local Warehouses & Fast Customer Service】We are committed to providing you with satisfactory delivery & customer service. We arrange the shipment from USA local warehouses in CA, TX, and GA. Generally, the product will be delivered within 3-7 working days. We provide professional technical support and customer service as phone support or online services with quick feedback within 24 hours. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us, we will do our best to meet your needs.
【For Trolling Motor】LiTime 12V 200Ah battery is suitable for home energy storage rather than starting battery for car or golf cart. We recommend using this 12V 200Ah battery for a 30~70lbs thrust trolling motor.
From $599.99
$759.99
From $599.99
Quick Add
Close
Notify me
Notify me
Notify me
Close
Notify me
Notify me
Notify me
LiTime 12V 200Ah Plus LiFePO4 Lithium Battery, 200A BMS, 2560W Load Power - LiTime LiTime 12V 200Ah Plus LiFePO4 Lithium Battery, 200A BMS, 2560W Load Power - LiTime
LiTime 12V 200Ah Plus LiFePO4 Lithium Battery, 200A BMS, 2560W Load Power
【Automotive Grade Lithium Battery】LiTime 12V 200Ah Plus battery with its 200 Amp BMS provided enough juice to run the devices and it's equipped with Automotive Grade LiFePO4 cells, so it’s no worry to use it on cloudy days. With premium materials and good workmanship, the case is very sturdy. And built-in BMS can protect the battery from over temperature, over current, overcharge, over-discharge, and short circuits.
【Upgraded BMS】LiTime 12V 200Ah PLUS LiFePO4 be charged at a current of up to 200A instead of 100A so it can take handle high output current loads. It’s a reliable source of power that can supply all your power needs.
【1/2 Weight and 2X Capacity】 When you’re going off-grid, lithium batteries are the best choice. It can provide twice the energy of a lead-acid battery, and its weight is only 30-40% of that of a lead-acid battery. The handles on both sides make it easy to move, so you can easily move without using a trolley. It can be charged more quickly and actually produces more power for longer than the old SLA batteries and can cycle nearly 10 times more than the SLA batteries. Plus No fumes or acid to deal with this battery.
【10-year Lifetime】LiTime 12V200Ah Plus LiFePO4 Battery support to be used to create a battery system with extension max. in 4S4P (51.2V 800Ah) to get 51.2kW output power and 40.96kWh usable energy. A 12V 40A lithium battery charger is recommended; the lithium battery will be fully charged within 5hrs as recommended for long life.
【1~3 working-day Delivery & Outstanding Service】We are committed to providing you with satisfactory service. The battery will be shipped from our local warehouse in CA, TX and GA. ETA: 1-3 working days; the actual time may vary for the inventory situation. We also provide professional technical support and online customer service with quick feedback within 24 hrs. You can contact us, with the actual shipping address, to check the inventory of the nearest warehouse.
From $669.99
$819.99
From $669.99
Quick Add
Close
Notify me
Notify me
Notify me
Close
Notify me
Notify me
Notify me
LiTime 24V 100Ah LiFePO4 Lithium Battery - LiTime LiTime 24V 100Ah LiFePO4 Lithium Battery - LiTime
LiTime 24V 100Ah LiFePO4 Lithium Battery, Build-in 100A BMS, 2560Wh Energy
【Automotive Grade LiFePO4 Cells】LiTime 24V 100Ah Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries have exceptional quality since they are assembled by Automotive Grade LiFePO4 Cells with UL certificated, which have higher energy density, more stable performance, greater power, and excellent 3% self-discharge rate.
【100% DOD & 10-year lifetime】LiTime LiFePO4 battery provides 4000~15000 cycles, which is more than 10 times to Lead Acid with 200~500 cycles. LiTime LiFePO4 battery can realize 100% SOC&DOD and has a 10-year service life, 3 times longer than the Lead Acid battery’s 3-year lifespan.
【1/3 Light weight & Portable】LiTime 24V 100Ah LiFePO4 Battery weighs only 45.85lbs for one unit, only 1/3 the weight of lead acid batteries, easy to install(L21*W8.2*H8.5inch). Energy density is 55.83Wh/lb (2560Wh/45.85lb=55.83Wh/lb), 3 times the energy density of lead-acid battery, which makes it a thumbs-up choice for RVs, Trolling Motors, Marine and Off-Grid Applications when mounting or mobility is in the consideration.
【2.56kWh Higher Energy】A single LiTime 24V 100Ah lithium battery equals two 12V 100Ah lithium batteries. 24V higher voltage and 2.56kWh energy, supports up to 4P2S connection to make a 48V 400Ah battery bank of 20.48kWh energy, enabling you to build your battery system with easier operation and are perfect as backup power.
【Strict Protection & Speedy Charging】LiTime LiFePO4 battery has built-in 100A BMS to protect it from overcharge, over-discharge, over-current, high temp and short circuits. Operating Temp: Charge: 0°C~50°C; Discharge: -20°C~60°C. Besides, a 29.2V 20A dedicated lithium charger is recommended, it will just cost you 5hrs to have your lithium battery fully charged.
【2-7 Business Day Fast Delivery】LiTime Group is committed to providing you with satisfactory service. The 2-7 working day fast delivery for the battery will be shipped from local warehouse in Los Angeles, CA or Dallas, TX. Professional technical support and one on one customer service with quick feedback within 24 hours. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us, we will do our best to help you.
【Warm Tips for Battery Application】LiTime 24V 100Ah Lithium Battery is not suitable for running a golf cart, engine, or any device alike that will generate a high current the moment it is started.
From $629.99
$869.99
From $629.99
Quick Add
Close
Notify me
Notify me
Close
Notify me
Notify me

Choose Options

Edit Option
Back In Stock Notification
this is just a warning
Login
Shopping Cart
0 items
LiTime-US
LiTime-US

Before you leave...

Take 3% off your first order

Code: Welcome

Continue Shopping